World Immunization Week-2017





World Immunization Week: Aims to raise awareness about the critical importance of full immunization throughout life.

Immunization: Immunization is the process whereby a person is made immune to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine. Immunization protects children and adults against harmful infections before they come into contact with them in the community.


Nine diseases can be prevented by routine childhood immunization – Diphtheria (infection of throat), Tetanus (disease of the muscles), Pertusis (whooping cough), Poliomyelitis (polio), Measles (Contagious Disease), Mumps (contagious), Rubella(German Measles ), Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib) and hepatitis B. All of these diseases can cause serious complications and sometimes death.


There are two types of Immunization. These are- Active Immunization & Passive immunization.

Active Immunization: Active immunization occurs when a person makes his own antibodies against disease. Passive Immunization: Passive immunity occurs when ready-made antibodies are given to a person.


Vaccination: Vaccines stimulate the body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent infection or disease.

Vaccines are some of the safest medical products available, but like any other medical product, there may be risks. Accurate information about the value of vaccines as well as their possible side-effects helps people to make informed decisions about vaccination.

Tetanus Vaccine: Disease of the Muscles







Tetanus is a serious disease caused by bacteria. The actual disease is caused when the bacteria release a poison into a person’s body. Tetanus gets into the body through cuts or wounds. Tetanus can cause extremely painful muscle cramps all over the body. This disease can be deadly. In the most common form of tetanus, the first sign is spasm of the jaw muscles, followed by stiffness of the neck, and difficulty in swallowing.

Tetanus lives in the soil, so a child who plays outside can get infected even from a small injury. Vaccination is the most effective step you can take to be protected from this serious disease.

 Polio Vaccine: Disease affecting Brain & Spinal Cord

Polio is a disease caused by a virus. Most people infected with polio have no symptoms, and many recover without complications. But sometimes people who get polio develop paralysis. Paralysis is a disease in which patients not able to move their arms or legs. Polio can also cause death, usually by paralyzing the muscles used for breathing. There is no cure for polio infection, but it can be prevented by vaccination.


Most people should get IPV when they are children. Doses of IPV are usually given at 2, 4, 6 to 18 months, and 4 to 6 years of age. Most adults do not need IPV (Inactivated Polio Vaccine) because they were already vaccinated against polio as children. But some adults are at higher risk and should consider polio vaccination, including People who traveling to certain parts of the world, Laboratory workers who might handle polio virus, Health care workers treating patients who could have polio.


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